Sun Damage on Face – How to Fix And Prevent It


Summertime is the perfect time to go outdoors (particularly if you are outdoorsy). But it’s important to remember that it can also be the time for sun damage. Sun damage can have a significant impact on your skin. And it can occur even when you’re wearing sunscreen.

Whether you’re dealing with sunspots, fine lines, or wrinkles, there are things you can do to protect and repair your skin.

By the end of this post, you should have learned the following:

  • Causes of photoaging
  • Difference between photoaging and chronological skin aging
  • Best sun damage skin repair
  • Why you should treat sun-damaged skin
  • How to prevent photodamage
  • When you should see a professional to treat photoaging

What Causes Photoaging?

The primary cause of photoaging is constant or prolonged exposure to UV (ultraviolet) rays from the sun. The solar UV causes damage to both collagen and elastin fibers, which are essential to keep the skin taut. As a result, it increases the risk for premature aging with visible signs like age spots, wrinkles, and fine lines.

Furthermore, UV radiation can cause inflammation of the skin (e.g., sunburns), which leads to further damage. The damage accumulates, which results in other significant signs of aging like sagging skin.

You should also understand that solar UV radiation is not the only cause of photoaging albeit the most common. Smoking and environmental hazards can also hasten photoaging due to oxidative stress.

What’s the Difference Between Photoaging and Chronological Skin Aging?

The difference between photoaging and chronological skin aging is provided in the table below:

ParametersPhotoagingChronological Skin Aging
Primary causeExposure to solar UV radiationCaused by time (physiologic aging)
ProcessCumulative depending on skin pigment and degree of sun exposureNatural and can occur to all individuals regardless of sun exposure
ManifestationsIncreased wrinklingVascular supply degenerationHyperpigmentationReduced water-binding capacity of the skinDecrease in collagen productionThinning of the skinDecrease in the number of structures like sweat glands
ClassificationHypertrophicAtrophicNo classification
Chronic inflammationMost often involvedNo contribution
Antioxidant useVitamin C found to be effective against photoagingHelp prevent damage from free radicals but does not prevent chronological aging itself
Sun protectionModern methods of sun protection are advisedIt is still important to prevent further skin damage but does not prevent chronological aging from occurring
Difference Between Photoaging and Chronological Skin Aging

What is the Best Sun Damage Skin Repair?

The best way to repair sun damaged skin is to prevent it from happening in the first place, according to experts.

Nonetheless, a good skincare routine is one of the best to rehabilitate the skin. Incorporate antioxidants into your skincare, which will help neutralize free radicals from sun damage. There are also antioxidants that are found in food, which you can consume on a daily basis to further neutralize the free radicals (molecules that damage cells). There are also products that contain retinol (a vitamin B derivative), which can also help regenerate collagen.

In-office treatments such as chemical peels and laser resurfacing may also help according to several studies. These treatments are best performed by aesthetic professionals as it involves removing sun-damaged skin surface. 

It’s important to note that repairing sun-damaged skin takes time. You may not see results immediately. However, with consistent use of products and treatments, you can improve the appearance of your skin over time.

Why Treat Sun Damaged Skin?

There are several reasons why it’s important to treat sun-damaged skin. First, sun damage can lead to skin cancer. However, not all sun damage results in skin cancer. You have to take note that cancer is a multifaceted disease, which involves other factors to develop.

Furthermore, sun damage makes your face older with sun spots, wrinkles, and fine lines. If you treat sun-damaged skin, you can improve your skin’s appearance – making you look younger and healthier.

How Can You Prevent Photodamage?

There are several ways to prevent photodamage. Here are some ways to prevent photodamage:

Use sunscreen – It is one of the most effective ways to prevent photodamage (broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 and reapply every two hours)

Wear protective clothing – Long-sleeved shirts, pants, and hats can help prevent photodamage.

Protect your lips and inner canthus – prevents skin cancer and aesthetic loss of the defined vermilion border. 

Use plant extracts – a water-soluble extract from the plant of Solanum genus, which according to a study has wound healing capabilities as well.

Avoid tanning beds – they can cause significant damage to your skin

Stay out of the sun during peak hours – between 10 AM to 4 PM

When Should You See an Aesthetic Professional About Photoaging?

If you’re concerned about the appearance of your skin, you should consider seeing an aesthetic professional. An aesthetic professional can evaluate your skin and recommend treatments that can help to repair sun damage as well as improve the overall appearance of your skin.

If you have significant sun damage, an aesthetic professional may recommend treatments such as chemical peels, microneedling with radiofrequency, or laser resurfacing. These treatments can help to remove the damaged outer layers of skin, which can improve the appearance of age spots and fine lines.

Additionally, an aesthetic professional can recommend products that can help to repair sun damage. Nonetheless, the importance of seeing a professional lies in the fact that they can provide knowledgeable advice.


Protecting your skin from UV radiation is essential for maintaining healthy, youthful-looking skin. By taking steps to prevent photodamage and treating sun-damaged skin, you can improve the appearance and overall health of your skin. Remember to always wear sunscreen, avoid tanning beds, and consider seeing an aesthetic professional if you’re concerned about the appearance of your skin.

For medical professionals:

If you are a medical professional who wants to expand your career in the field of aesthetics, be sure to get trained and certified from an accredited institution. ReplenishMD Training is one of the best institutions you can get trained from. We offer a robust training system designed to help you succeed. If you’re ready, visit our website or contact our experts today!

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