A lot of people hear “melasma.” This is typically an example of what melasma is but not all hyperpigmentation is melasma. This is a very harmless (benign) condition. The skin will appear to have patches of darkly pigmented areas surrounded by normal complexion.
The darkening occurs when there is excess melanin (a brown pigment produced by melanocytes – skin cells) that produces our normal skin color. The melanin will get deposited on the superficial layer of the skin, hence our normal complexion. All races will be affected by hyperpigmentation.
So, why does it occur? There are a variety of reasons why hyperpigmentation occurs including the following:
- Sun exposure (constant)
- Skin injuries
- Hormonal changes
In the following sections, we aim to provide a brief overview of aesthetic procedures that can potentially reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation.
One of the popular methods available for people with hyperpigmentation is chemical peeling. This treats the hyperpigmented areas by applying a special skin solution that will make the top layer of the skin peel off.
The process will reveal a new skin layer underneath that is usually smoother and less discolored.
Chemical peels are a popular option for treating hyperpigmentation. They work by applying a chemical solution to the skin, causing the top layer to peel off. This process reveals a new layer of skin underneath that is usually smoother and less discolored. According to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, there was a 5% increase (about 1.3 million) in chemical peeling procedures from 2014 to 2015. This shows the procedure’s popularity and potential effectiveness.
Another option for patients to take is laser therapy. This procedure uses a concentrated, focused light to help reduce hyperpigmented skin. It was said tha laser therapy may be effective but may also carry some form of risks, including the following:
Therefore, it is critical to consult an expert in aesthetic procedures before you decide whether the procedure is for you.
Microdermabrasion is a non-invasive (minimally) procedure that can help reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation. A 2011 study published found that multiple sessions of microdermabrasion were effective in reducing melasma, a type of hyperpigmentation.
However, since microdermabrasion is also a medical procedure, it is still important to consult a professional. This is to help you make informed decisions regarding your skin.
Examples of topical treatments include the following:
These topical treatments have ingredients like retinoids, vitamin C or hydroquinone that will help reduce hyperpigmentation. There are over-the-counter options available for these treatments although not as potent as those with prescription.
Remember, when opting for any of these procedures or treatments, it’s crucial to protect your skin from the sun, as UV exposure can worsen hyperpigmentation. You should always consider application of SPF at least 30 to provide adequate protection coverage.
In conclusion, while hyperpigmentation can be a frustrating skin condition, there are several aesthetic procedures that might help reduce its appearance. It’s always advisable to consult with a dermatologist or skin care professional to choose the most suitable treatment for your specific needs.
When you are a medical professional that offers aesthetic treatments, it is important to lay down all the options available to your patients. Because at the end of the day, your patients will have the last say regarding which treatment to go for.
You will learn techniques in consultation by attending training or certification seminars. ReplenishMD Training has a robust learning system that will help you keep your patients loyal to your services.